Generally, most prospective Cyclotron Road participants who want to access Berkeley Lab are able to do so in a timely manner through the normal onboarding process for US and non-US citizens. However, non-US citizens who are citizens of—or were born in—Iran, North Korea, Cuba, or Syria need U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) permission to work at Berkeley Lab.  Participants affiliated with restricted entities and other countries of concern such as Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine (DNR, LNR and Crimea Regions) are also subject to additional review and approval. Additional reviews are also required by DOE to approve research at Berkeley Lab by participants’ companies that are owned, controlled or influenced by entities from Countries of Risk: the People’s Republic of China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea), and the Russian Federation.  These individual and company review processes can take six months or longer with no guarantee of approval.